Important Terms to Know About Governmental Law
Governmental law pertains to the branch of law that involves all aspects of government laws, state regulations, federal legislation, sovereignty and compliance. Attorneys who specialize in this area are experts in governmental law and can provide legal advice and representation to anyone involved. They may work independently or as part of a legal firm. Here are some important terms to know about governmental law:
Local Government Law: Covers a broad range of local issues and legal areas, such as sunshine laws for public access to government records, municipal planning for land use and zoning law, labor rights, licensing and regulatory law, wage laws and discrimination. It may also cover environmental law in regards to government regulations, tax abatement, eminent domain law, property taxes and housing issues.
US Federal Executive Branch: The executive branch of the government in charge of enforcing the laws of the land, comprised of the president, vice president, cabinet members and heads of independent agencies.
US Federal Judicial Branch: The branch of government that deals with the court system, specifically in regards to how it decides arguments about the meaning of laws and their application, whether or not laws violate the Constitution and how federal courts provide checks and balances on the other branches.
US Federal Legislative Branch: The law making branch of government, comprised of a two-house Congress, namely the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Sovereignty: Having supreme, independent authority over a particular region that has the power to rule and make laws that are final and absolute.