Important Terms Relating to Beekeeper Supplies
The following are some important terms relating to beekeeper supplies:
Apiary: Apiary, or bee yard, refers to an entire beekeeping compound. The apiary includes the hive, colony, and other relevant equipment.
Clarifying Tank: The clarifying tank is where honey is kept while it separates from other substances like the beeswax.
Extractor: An extractor is a machine used to separate honey from the honeycomb, beeswax, and other substances. Extractors use centrifugal force to accomplish this task.
Frame: The frame is the object that holds the honeycomb. This equipment can be made of plastic or wood.
Fume Board: A fume board is a rectangular cover of a hive’s super. There is an absorbent material on the bottom. A special chemical to drive the bees away is put on the material so that honey can be extracted from the hive.
Queen Excluder: A queen excluder is designed to limit the movement of the queen bees and drone bees. This keeps the queen bees and drone bees in certain parts of the hive. Plastic or metal queen excluders have specific spacing that allows free movement of the worker bees.
Skep: A skep is a type of beehive. Instead of being made of moveable plastic or wood slats and parts, a skep is made of twisted straw. Skeps can make honey extraction more difficult.
Slatted Rack: A slatted rack fits between the hive’s body and the bottom board. This wooden rack provides an additional, lower brood chamber. This device increases brood rearing, and since it helps clear congestion at the entrance of the hive, it also lessens the bees’ likelihood of swarming.
Smoker: A beekeeper’s smoker is a very important tool for keeping bees calm during honey extraction. The smoker creates cool smoke, which is puffed into the hive.
Super: The super is the hive body – or a smaller box in the hive – where excess honey is kept. This is the honey that will be harvested by the beekeeper. The super is usually found above the brood chamber.