Terms For Different Branches of Psychology
If you are looking for a psychological assistance, it is helpful to have a referral service to assist you in finding psychologists and counseling centers in your area. Psychologist referral services list the names, contact information and credentials of licensed psychologists in your area. They can also help you find psychiatrists and therapists that specialize in certain fields. Here is a list of terms that will help you better understand the various psychological disciplines:
Clinical Psychologist: Clinical psychologists evaluate, diagnose and treat mental illnesses and behavioral abnormalities. There are many specializations within the branch of clinical psychology, such as eating disorders, addiction, depression, sexual dysfunction and various phobias. In addition to conducting psychotherapeutic treatments, clinical psychologists also teach, conduct field research and administer psychological public programs.
Organizational Psychologist: Organizational psychologists practice on clients in a workplace environment. Organizational psychologists employ training programs, one-on-one counseling, team building exercises and employer guidance to increase productivity and employee well-being.
Educational Psychologist: Psychologists that study the behavior of people in an educational setting; namely how people learn. Of particular interest are those with learning disabilities. Educational psychologists are research oriented, while psychologists that treat individuals in an educational environment are called school psychologists.
Family Psychologist: The practitioners of the field of psychology relating to family oriented issues. These psychologists work with families and couples in intimate relationships as a group, and analyze behavior and relationship patterns rather than the unconscious mind. This branch is also known as Family Therapy, Couples Counseling and Family System Counseling.
Forensic Psychologist: These are psychologists that also have training in the criminal justice system, and likely have an area of expertise in one particular psychological field. A forensic psychologist’s primary focus is the evaluation and diagnosis of emotional disorders within the context of a trial setting, rather than the treatment of those emotional disorders. Forensic psychologists must also determine whether or not the client is competent to stand trial.