Terms for Siding Materials
Siding is a very important component in the building of a home; it is not only aesthetically pleasing, but it protects the framework of the house from water absorption and weather damage. Here are a few terms for types of siding, materials and techniques:
Cladding: In construction, cladding is the layering of materials for the purpose of providing protection from harsh weather conditions.
Tongue and Groove: The ridge and groove along the edge of planks and boards meant to be fitted edge to edge. The ridge on one board fits into the groove of another. It is used primarily with wood materials.
Clapboard Siding: A style of siding that features horizontally placed overlapping wood boards.
PVC: Polyvinyl chloride. An extremely durable and inexpensive plastic used as piping, window frames and wire insulation.
Membrane Roofing: A roofing system for flat buildings that is meant to prevent leakage and help channel water from the roof. Membrane roofs are commonly constructed from PVC or synthetic rubber.
Corrugated Metal Siding: Typically aluminum or galvanized steel, this is a form of siding used primarily in industrial buildings, although it is occasionally seen on modern homes. It is a durable finish, with a pleated, accordion-like texture.
Shake Siding: Irregular wood shingle siding, typically made from cedar. Seen in 19th century Queen Anne style architecture.
Vinyl Siding: Plastic siding made from PVC. It is the most common form of cladding for residential instruction in the United States and Canada.
Masonry Siding: Brick or stone siding. Masonry siding is extremely durable and requires very little maintenance over its lifespan, which is often approximately 100 years.