Terms Related to Wood Carving
Wood carving, or woodworking, can be done for a variety of purposes, ranging from entirely practical to purely ornate. The following are a few common terms related to wood carving.
Architrave: Architraves are moldings that occur around window and door frames. While they are ornamental pieces, they also cover up the visible joint where the frame and plaster meet.
Chipboard: Chipboards are boards that are composed of wood bits that are compressed and glued together. Due to this composition, chipboards are typically used for building purposes rather than decorative reasons.
Dado: A dado is a panel that covers the lower part of a wall. Dados are placed on interior walls as a protective covering or simply for decoration. They can also be referred to as wainscots.
Fiberboard: Fiberboard is a very lightweight material. It is used predominantly in ceilings and insulation because it lacks strength.
Figure: Figures are the natural patterns found in the grain of wood. Wood with an attractive figure could be easily used for decoration without needing to be etched or engraved.
Finial: Finials are artistic objects, often spikes or balls, that are attached to items for purely aesthetic reasons. They are commonly found on staircase posts, curtain rods, and bedposts.
Rail: A rail is a horizontal part of a door or window frame, though it can also be part of paneling.
Stile: A stile, or style, is a vertical part of a door or window frame, though it can also be part of paneling.
Veneer: In woodworking, a veneer is a thinly cut piece of wood. Veneers can be used to cover a surface and to add an attractive finish.