Important Leather Terms
The following are some important terms relating to leather.
Antiqued Leather: Antiqued leather is created by dying leather one color on top of another color. Typically, a darker color is applied over a lighter color. This process causes highlights and also prevents an aged look. Antiqued leather can also be referred to as distressed leather.
Corrected-grain Leather: Corrected-grain leather has been buffed, which means the surface layer of the leather has been removed. The buffing process takes any blemishes off the surface. Once the buffing is completed, a new artificial surface is applied using coloring or another finish.
Crust Leather: Crust leather has been tanned but has not been altered in any other way, such as through coloring.
Embossed Leather: Embossed leather has a design pressed into it, typically through pressure. Faux alligator hide is often leather that is stamped to resemble the texture of alligator skin.
Full-grain Leather: Full-grain leather has only had the animal hair taken off. This leather has the most natural look and feel possible.
Split Leather: Split leather is the lower part of the hide, which sits closer to the flesh of the animal. The top portion, which has the hair, has been removed. Split leather tends to be softer and weaker, and it is very popular in the creation of suede.
Top-grain Leather: This leather has both layers of the hide, whereas split leather uses only the underside of the hide.
Whole Hide Leather: Whole hide leather, as the name implies, uses the entire animal hide. Because of its durability, whole hide leather is commonly used for sofas and other upholstered items.