Home Improvement Terminology
The following are some terms you may come across while planning a home improvement project.
Actual Dimension: The term actual dimension refers to lumber. It is the precise measurement of cut lumber, assuming it has already been dried and milled. This measurement may not correspond exactly with the advertised size. For example, a two-by-four board is often half of an inch shorter than that.
Bundle: A bundle refers to shingles. There are three to five bundles per square.
Cleat: A cleat is a small portion of lumber. Contractors attach cleats to larger pieces of lumber to add strength and stability.
Course: A course is a length of roofing that runs from one end of the roof to the other. A roof’s course can be comprised of shingles or roll roofing.
Double Coverage: Double coverage refers to asphalt roofing. It is a method of overlapping the roofing by two inches so that there is ample coverage of the originally exposed roof sections.
Expansion Joint: An expansion joint is an important part of a construction job. These special joints allow for expanding and contracting with the weather, which prevents having to repair damages to the structure.
Jamb: Jambs are the vertical parts of windows and doors. While it is the lintel that supports most of the weight around a window or door, jambs should also be avoided during remodeling.
Lintel: A lintel is a horizontal part of a window or door. It sits above the opening and is designed to support the weight of the portion of the structure that is above the window or door. It is important that lintels remain structurally sound while renovating a building.
Rebar: Rebar is a steel rod that is put into concrete when the concrete begins to crack or otherwise separate. This type of home improvement should only be executed by an experienced contractor or handyman.
Stud: Studs are very important for construction. They are vertical boards that are evenly spaced throughout the walls of a structure to provide support for the attached wall components, such as drywall. Studs need to remain in place when a building is renovated.