Important Terms to Know About Gastroenterology Doctors
Gastroenterology doctors specialize in the branch of medicine dealing with the digestive system. They focus on diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract, including all organs from the mouth to the stomach to the intestines. To become a gastroenterologist, one must complete eight years of pre-med and medical school, followed by a one-year internship, three-year internal medicine residency, and up to three years in a gastroenterology fellowship program. Physicians and doctors in their field of medicine may work in a private practice or within a hospital. Here are some important terms to consider when searching for a gastroenterologist.
Biliary Tract: A part of human anatomy that involves the path by which bile is secreted by the liver. It then makes its way to the small intestine, or duodenum.
Hepatology: A branch of medicine that involves the study and management of the liver, gallbladder, biliary tract and pancreas. It is a sub-specialty of the field of gastroenterology.
Gastrointestinal Tract: The parts of the body that encompass the stomach and intestines. The digestive system may be used to describe a broader scope of these anatomical features, including organs necessary for digestion.
Pancreatitis: A condition in which the pancreas becomes inflamed.
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis: A chronic cholestatic liver disease that requires the affected person undergo a liver transplant or face fatal consequences.
Ulcerative Colitis: A fairly common disease that involves the inflammation of the large intestine, or colon.
Hepatic Encephalopathy: Often associated with advanced liver disease, this is a metabolic neurophysiologic condition.
Hepatitis: Disease that triggers liver inflammation and infection.