Important Terms to Know About Pipe Fittings
Pipe fittings are found in plumbing systems to connect straight pipes with other straight pipes and curved tubes. They are very adaptable by nature and can also regulate or measure fluid flow. They can be rigid or flexible depending on the purpose, and may connect by screwing them in or through welding. Check out these important terms about pipe fittings:
Fitting Gender: Fittings and couplings are usually assigned a gender of male or female. The female connector is a receptacle that holds the male connector in plumbing terminology.
Coupling: Used to connect two shafts in order to transmit power.
Elbow: A pipe fitting between two lengths of pipe to allow for a change in direction. The ends may be threaded, welded or socketed. Types include long radius, short radius, 90-degree or 45-degree.
Gasket: Mechanical seal that fills in between multiple mating surfaces to prevent leakage while under compression. Used to essentially fill irregularities, gaskets can be made of many materials, such as rubber, silicone, metal, cork and neoprene.
Flange: A ridge or rim that provides strength, used as an attachment to an object such as that on the end of a pipe. It also refers to a plate or ring that forms a rim at the end of a pipe. A blind flange covers or closes the end of a pipe, while a flange joint connects two or more pipes.
Compression Fittings: Used in plumbing and electrical systems to join tubes or pipes, made of compatible materials such as copper or PVC.