Terms Relating to Water Treatment Equipment and Supplies
The following are some terms you may come across while dealing with water treatment equipment and supplies:
Activated Carbon: Activated carbon, also known as activated charcoal, is a common substance used in water treatment equipment. An organic material, like coconut shells or wood, is heated without air to produce a useable cellulose substance. Since activated carbon is porous, it is particularly effective as a filtering agent.
Coagulation: Coagulation is a water treatment process. Coagulants are water treatment supplies that will turn gelatinous when added to water. This gelatinous substance attracts small particles that are present in the water, turning them into larger particles. This makes removal, via filtration or settling, of the particles easier.
Distillation: Distillation is a water treatment technique that involves boiling the water until it is a vapor. The vapor is then allowed to cool and turn back into liquid, leaving dirt and impurities behind. In order to effectively purify water for drinking, the distillation process must be repeated several times.
Ion: An ion is one atom, or a collection of atoms, that has a distinctly negative or position charge. This negative or position charge is obtained through the removal or addition of electrons. Ion exchangers are often used in water treatment.
Leakage: In water treatment, leakage is how much contamination water still contains following filtering or processing. Leakage can also refer to how much hardness water still has after softening has been completed.
Neutralization: Neutralization is adding an acid or a base to a substance, making the substance neutral. Neutralization of the acid level of water aids in water purifying and treatment.
Osmosis: Osmosis is the process by which a substance, like water, is allowed to pass through a somewhat penetrable membrane. The membrane removes waste and other impurities from the substance. Reverse osmosis is a similar method of water treatment.